This analysis was developed by members of the Coalition of Advocates for Global Health and Pandemic Preparedness, a group advocating for an integrated and holistic approach to preparedness that emphasises equity, inclusion, and synergies of multiple global health programs in advancing preparedness. The International Negotiating Body (INB) of the WHO is in the process of negotiating a “convention, agreement or other international instrument” on pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response, otherwise referred to as the “Pandemic Accord”.